Acta Medica International

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 48--52

Positive and negative symptoms in patients of schizophrenia: A cross sectional study


Atiqul H Mazumder1, Md T Alam1, Hatsumi Yoshii2, Riitta-Liisa Kortesluoma3, Mohammad S.I Mullick4, Md W.A Chowdhury5 
1 Assistant Professor, National Institute of Mental Health, Dhaka, Bangladesh
2 Lecturer, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Tohoku University, Miyagi, Japan
3 Development Manager, Extension School/University of Oulu, Finland
4 Chairman and Professor of Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
5 Director and Professor of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Correspondence Address:
Atiqul H Mazumder
Assistant Professor, National Institute of Mental Health, Dhaka
Bangladesh

Background: Analysis of positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia has been increasingly needed for a systematic management plan. Unfortunately, this type of study was lacking in Bangladesh. Aims: The study aims were to find out the predominant symptom pattern and associating factors in schizophrenia. Methods: This was a cross sectional, analytical and descriptive study done in a tertiary care hospital with a sample size of 78. The SCID-I and pre designed socio demographic questionnaire was applied. Positive and negative symptoms were assessed by using the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS). Statistical analysis was done through SPSS version 17. Results: Among 78 patients, schizophrenics with positive symptoms (57.7%) were predominant over schizophrenics with negative symptoms (42.3%). Delusion (64.1%) and blunted affect (55.1%) were the most frequent positive and negative symptoms respectively. Negative symptoms were significantly associated with poverty, unemployment and lack of education. Limitations: Single centered cross sectional study with small sample size. Conclusions: Schizophrenic patients with positive symptoms visit clinicians more readily than those with negative symptoms.


How to cite this article:
Mazumder AH, Alam MT, Yoshii H, Kortesluoma RL, Mullick MS, Chowdhury MW. Positive and negative symptoms in patients of schizophrenia: A cross sectional study.Acta Med Int 2015;2:48-52


How to cite this URL:
Mazumder AH, Alam MT, Yoshii H, Kortesluoma RL, Mullick MS, Chowdhury MW. Positive and negative symptoms in patients of schizophrenia: A cross sectional study. Acta Med Int [serial online] 2015 [cited 2021 Jan 21 ];2:48-52
Available from: https://www.actamedicainternational.com/article.asp?issn=2349-0578;year=2015;volume=2;issue=1;spage=48;epage=52;aulast=Mazumder;type=0