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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 79-83

Prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding and knowledge related to breastfeeding among mothers attending immunization center and well-baby clinic

1 Department of Paediatrics, CH (EC), Kolkata, India
2 Department of Paediatrics, Army Hospital (R and R), Delhi Cantt, India
3 Department of Paediatrics, Army College of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
r. Ashish K Simalti
Army Hospital (R and R), Delhi Cantt - 110 010
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ami.ami_56_18

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Background: The World Health Organization defines exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) as giving baby only breast milk for the first 6 months without adding any additional drink including water or food. We undertook this study with an objective to assess the prevalence of breastfeeding among mothers in North Indian setting. Aims: The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of EBF among mothers attending a well-baby clinic and to look for variable significantly impacting probability of breastfeeding and assessing the challenges faced and existing knowledge regarding breastfeeding. Materials and Methods: This was a questionnaire-based one-point survey to assess the prevalence of EBF. The questionnaire was based on the review of literature and included parameters considered significant by various studies. Mother's knowledge regarding breastfeeding was assessed by another questionnaire. Results: A total of 970 mothers were approached who visited immunization center and well-baby clinic during the study. After taking out those who were unwilling and did not meet the criteria, we had 634 mothers who participated in our study. They were divided into two groups based on whether they exclusive breastfed their babies for 6 months or not. Comparison of both these groups revealed breastfeeding counseling to be the most important variable. Statistical Analysis Used: It is a cross-sectional type of study with a questionnaire-based one-point survey. The minimum sample size required was calculated using Daniel's formula: n = z2pq/d. Consequent sampling was done. Chi-square test for independence was done to assess the association between both the groups for all the parameters recorded. Conclusions: All mothers were aware that breast milk is beneficial for their baby; however, the biggest problem was anxiety regarding the adequacy of their breast milk. There is also need for a widespread campaign related to harm done by prelacteals and substitutes of breast milk including cow milk.

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