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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 44-47

Self-medication practices in patients attending a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Urban North-West India

1 Department of Pharmacology, Teerthankar Mahaveer Medical College, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Pharmacology, Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shilpa Patrick
Department of Pharmacology, Teerthankar Mahaveer Medical College, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ami.ami_65_17

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Background: This study was designed to determine the frequency, reasons, and the association of self-medication with demographic and other factors reported by participants. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in 500 patients visiting a tertiary hospital in Ludhiana, North Western India. Participants were interviewed with a preset questionnaire. Data were entered into Microsoft Excel and analysis was performed using SPSS software version 16. Frequencies and proportions were calculated. Results: Of 500 study participants, 93.8% reported self-medication with no gender difference. The participants who took self-medication were of the opinion that self-medication resulted in quick cure of illness 50.75%, saved their time 17.46%, and gave them a sense of independence in 17.06%, respectively. The common reasons self-medication 45.84% for fever, 18.34% for pain, and 10.87% for headache with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs 49.4% followed by antibiotics (11.6%) be the common medication. The most common source of information is local chemists/pharmacy 39%. Conclusions: Self-medication is described as a double-edged sword in India, and regulation of over-the-counter sale of antibiotics prescription medication is necessary to safeguard the populace.

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