• Users Online: 194
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 48-52

Positive and negative symptoms in patients of schizophrenia: A cross sectional study


1 Assistant Professor, National Institute of Mental Health, Dhaka, Bangladesh
2 Lecturer, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Tohoku University, Miyagi, Japan
3 Development Manager, Extension School/University of Oulu, Finland
4 Chairman and Professor of Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
5 Director and Professor of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Correspondence Address:
Atiqul H Mazumder
Assistant Professor, National Institute of Mental Health, Dhaka
Bangladesh
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.5530/ami.2015.1.7

Rights and Permissions

Background: Analysis of positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia has been increasingly needed for a systematic management plan. Unfortunately, this type of study was lacking in Bangladesh. Aims: The study aims were to find out the predominant symptom pattern and associating factors in schizophrenia. Methods: This was a cross sectional, analytical and descriptive study done in a tertiary care hospital with a sample size of 78. The SCID-I and pre designed socio demographic questionnaire was applied. Positive and negative symptoms were assessed by using the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS). Statistical analysis was done through SPSS version 17. Results: Among 78 patients, schizophrenics with positive symptoms (57.7%) were predominant over schizophrenics with negative symptoms (42.3%). Delusion (64.1%) and blunted affect (55.1%) were the most frequent positive and negative symptoms respectively. Negative symptoms were significantly associated with poverty, unemployment and lack of education. Limitations: Single centered cross sectional study with small sample size. Conclusions: Schizophrenic patients with positive symptoms visit clinicians more readily than those with negative symptoms.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed1441    
    Printed145    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded146    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 3    

Recommend this journal