Acta Medica International

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 22--27

The jefferson scale of physician empathy: A preliminary study of validity and reliability among physicians in Nigerian tertiary hospital


Juliet Hodo Osim1, Emmanuel Aniekan Essien1, Joseph Okegbe1, Owoidoho Udofia2 
1 Department of Clinical Services, Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria
2 Department of Psychiatry, University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Emmanuel Aniekan Essien
Department of Clinical Services, Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Calabar, Cross River State
Nigeria

Introduction: Physician empathy has been shown to have a substantial effect on doctor–patient relationship, therapeutic adherence, and overall treatment outcome. Despite its important role, physician empathy is under-researched in Nigeria. Aims: This study aims to investigate the validity and reliability of the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE) (Health Professional version) among Nigerian physicians in the University of Uyo teaching hospital, Uyo, Nigeria. Participants and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a brief sociodemographic questionnaire, the Emotional intelligence scale (EIS), and the JSPE were administered to 120 doctors in the University of Uyo teaching hospital. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 22. Results: Cronbach's and split half coefficients were 0.73 and 0.66, respectively. Correlation coefficient with the EIS was 0.49 (P < 0.05). Exploratory factor analysis yielded three factors that were not quite consistent with previous reports. We found empathy to be significantly higher among older physicians, those who were involved in administrative duties and those with a higher rank (P < 0.05). After regression analysis, age, sex, and administrative role emerged as significant predictors of physician empathy (P < 0.05). Conclusions: The JSPE had fairly strong reliability coefficients and an acceptable convergent validity with the EIS which measures a related construct. It can serve as a useful measure of patient-related empathy among Nigerian doctors.


How to cite this article:
Osim JH, Essien EA, Okegbe J, Udofia O. The jefferson scale of physician empathy: A preliminary study of validity and reliability among physicians in Nigerian tertiary hospital.Acta Med Int 2019;6:22-27


How to cite this URL:
Osim JH, Essien EA, Okegbe J, Udofia O. The jefferson scale of physician empathy: A preliminary study of validity and reliability among physicians in Nigerian tertiary hospital. Acta Med Int [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Nov 20 ];6:22-27
Available from: http://www.actamedicainternational.com/article.asp?issn=2349-0578;year=2019;volume=6;issue=1;spage=22;epage=27;aulast=Osim;type=0