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Caregivers' awareness and perception of cardiopulmonary resuscitation: Our experience

1 Department of Paediatrics, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital/Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
2 >Department of Nursing, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Ibrahim Aliyu,
Department of Paediatrics, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano/Bayero University, Kano
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ami.ami_19_18

Introduction: Adverse health-related events such as cardiac arrest can occur at any location: it is broadly classified as out-of-hospital or in-hospital cardiac arrest. The location of cardiac arrest however affects outcome; the actions of caregivers and bystanders may influence the outcome of witnessed out-of-hospital cardiac arrest; therefore, their knowledge of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is relevant. Materials and Methods: This was a questionnaire-based cross-sectional study conducted at the Paediatric Outpatient Clinic and Paediatric Specialty Clinic of Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital. Results: There were 120 (33.3%) males and 240 (66.7%) females, with a male-to-female ratio of 1:2. Only 57 (15.8%) respondents were aware of CPR. However, 69 (19.2%) respondents were aware of chest compression. One hundred and twenty-nine (35.8%) respondents reported that they could perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation on their own children; however, 66 (18.3%) respondents reported willingness to perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation on another person's child if the need arose. Only 15 (4.2%) respondents had training on CPR. Six (40%) respondents were trained at school. However, caregivers in the chronic illness subgroup were more willing to perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Caregivers of children with acute illnesses would use palm kernel oil to treat convulsion; however, those of the chronic illness group would mostly use herbs to treat convulsion; this observation was statistically significant (Fisher's exact test = 32.457, P = 0.00). Conclusion: There was poor awareness of CPR among respondents; furthermore, there was lack of willingness to perform CPR by most respondents on children.

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    -  Mohammed A
    -  Ibrahim ZF
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