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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 20-23

Prevalence of sickle cell disease among children attending plateau specialist hospital, Jos, Nigeria


1 Department of Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Jos, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria
2 Department of Nursing Sciences, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria
3 Department of Nursing Sciences, Lincoln University College, Selangor, Malaysia
4 Department of Paediatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing Sciences, Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
5 Department of Zoology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Jos, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Mr. Nanbur Stephen
Department of Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Jos, PMB 2084, Jos, Plateau State
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ami.ami_60_17

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Background: An estimate of 250,000 children are born annually with sickle cell disease (SCD) worldwide and 75%–85% of the affected children are born in Africa; where mortality rates for those under age 5 years range from 50% to 80%. Objective: The present study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of SCD among children in Plateau State Specialist Hospital (PSSH), Jos, Nigeria. Methodology: Ethical approval was obtained from the Health Research Ethics Committee of the Hospital. Secondary data on age, gender, and region from the case notes of infants, children and/or adolescents; who received medical care in PSSH from 2012 to 2014 were used. Data were analyzed using frequency tables and Chi-square statistics. Results: The findings revealed that the prevalence of SCD in PSSH, Jos from 2012 to 2014 was 26.9/1000 population of pediatric patients. There was a gradual increase in the prevalence rate from 25.8/1000 in 2012 to 26.8/1000 in 2013 and 28.1/1000 in 2014. However, the case fatality rate of SCD gradually decreased from 15.4% in 2012 to 11.1% in 2013 and 10.3% in 2014. Chi-square test shows that the prevalence of the disease in relation to sex, age, and residence was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). Even though the case fatality rate of the disease decreased, its prevalence increased during the study. Conclusion: Therefore, preventive measure for SCD such as premarital genetic screening and counseling should be emphasized, especially in the southern and central geopolitical zones of Plateau state, where the prevalence was found to be higher.


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