• Users Online: 314
  • Print this page
  • Email this page


 
 
Table of Contents
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 112-115

Frequency evaluation of the CYP3A4*4 polymorphism in iranian healthy volunteers


1 Department of Biology, Sciences and Research Branch Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Medical Genetics Department, National Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (NIGEB), Tehran, Iran

Date of Web Publication6-Jul-2017

Correspondence Address:
Massoud Houshmand
Medical Genetics Department, National Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (NIGEB), Tehran
Iran
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.5530/ami.2016.2.23

Rights and Permissions
  Abstract 


Purpose: CYP3A4 (cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 4) is an important enzyme in the body. The purpose of this enzyme is to oxidize small foreign organic molecules such as drugs or toxins. The different genetic variants CYP3A4 present in individuals such as CYP3A4*4. The cytochrome P450 3A subfamily have an important role in the catabolic reactions like many of peroxidative, oxadative, and reductive biotransformation reactions of common drugs such as Carbamazepine, Hydroxylations and Nevirapine.
Methods: In this study, the prevalence of CYP3A4*4 in healthy subject of Iran were analyzed. Three hundred healthy unrelated subjects were chosen. After DNA extraction, genotypes were analyzed by PCR-RFL Pand PCR-sequencing.
Results: No mutation was detected for CYP3A4*4 (Ile118Val) in these individuals. This study can be a background for future studies specially pharmacogenomic investigations and association studies. In addition, this data could be help clinicians optimize therapy or recognition persons who have risk of adverse drug reactions.
Conclusions: Our results show that the frequencies of the CYP3A4*4 polymorphism in Iranian population were almost similar to the other populations such as Malaysian, Indian, Taiwanese, Tepehuan Amerindians and Mestizo Mexicans. CYP3A4*4 mutation causes decrease enzyme activity in vivo because the Ile118Val mutation may affect the substrate binding and cause decrease in CYP3A4 activity. Therefore, lack of the CYP3A4*4 mutation among Iranian population renders the consumption of drugs whose metabolismis done by CYP3A4, harmless.

Keywords: Pharmacology, CYP3A4 gene, CYP3A4*4 allele, SNP, Iran


How to cite this article:
Lotfipanah S, Saremi L, Asgari N, Houshmand M. Frequency evaluation of the CYP3A4*4 polymorphism in iranian healthy volunteers. Acta Med Int 2016;3:112-5

How to cite this URL:
Lotfipanah S, Saremi L, Asgari N, Houshmand M. Frequency evaluation of the CYP3A4*4 polymorphism in iranian healthy volunteers. Acta Med Int [serial online] 2016 [cited 2019 Aug 22];3:112-5. Available from: http://www.actamedicainternational.com/text.asp?2016/3/2/112/209772






  Introduction Top


Pharmacogenetics is the science that explains how different genetic polymorphisms in drug metabolic pathways which cause different responses to drugs in individuals.[1] These genetic polymorphisms can lead to varied individual responses to drugs, toxins and environmental factors.[2],[3] Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes are the most important enzymes in mammals and primarily responsible for the metabolism (degradation and elimination) of drugs.[4]

CYP is an important enzyme in the body and finds in the liver, intestine, gut, colon, prostate, breast and brain.[5],[6],[7],[8] The enzyme activity is to oxidize small foreign organic molecules (xenobiotics) such as toxins or drugs, in order that they can be removed from the body.[9]

CYP3A subfamily is a member of CYP family of oxidizing enzymes that catalyzes many reactions such as synthesis of steroids and other lipids components.[10],[11] In human, the CYP3A subfamily is consisted of CYP3A4, CYP3A5, CYP3A7; CYP3A43.[12] In addition, several members of this family involved in drug metabolism that CYP3A4 is the most common one.[5] CYP3A4 was originally named nifedipineoxidase for its ability to metabolize the antianginal drug nifedipine.[13] Until now more than 30 genetic variations were identified that most of them do not have an influence on level of expression and activation of this enzyme but several of them cause decrease of these.[14] Different variation in CYP3A4 have a major role in modulation of sex hormone metabolite levels therefore it can play role in breast and prostate carcinogenesis.[7] In addition, CYP3A4 presents in mammary epithelial cells and involves in activation of many environmental carcinogens.[1]

Gender dependent expression of CYP3A4 has studied in several researches.[15],[16],[17] These evidences show an increased drug clearance by CYP3A4 in females.[16] Many endogenous steroids can inhibit drugs metabolism whose they are catalyzed by CYP3A4, but some of them can active it.[18] Therefore, difference of endogenous steroid level between females and males can cause of increase drug clearance by CYP3A4 in females.[18]

Genetic variability in these enzymes may influence a patient response to commonly prescribed drug classes, including beta blockers and antidepressants.[19] So far, several polymorphic CYP3A isoforms have been reported from different ethnicities, particularly the CYP3A4,CYP3A5, CYP3A7 and CYP3A43 isoforms.[14],[20] CYP3A4*4 allele of CYP3A4 was identified by polymerase chain reaction and restriction enzyme.[11] The CYP3A4*4 allele has an Ile118Val change in exon 5.[11] For the first time, this allele has been reported in 2.9% of the Chinese population.[11] CYP3A4 gene was cloned and determined that it contains 13 exons.[11] This gene is located on chromosome 7q21.3 and also it has 27592 base pairs.[7]


  Materials and Methods Top


In this study, 300 blood samples of unrelated and healthy donors from Iranian population (132 men and 168 women with range age 16-58) from the Special Medical Centre, Tehran, Iran were obtained. Blood samples (2 ml) were taken and collected into tubes with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). DNA was extracted from whole blood using genomic extracting DNA kit (Diatom DNA extraction kit, Gene Fanavaran, Iran). CYP3A4*4 were analyzed by PCR-RFLP and PCR-sequencing. Primer sequences CYP3A4*4 were ordered according to ones described by Kun- Pin Hsieh include:

IN5(F): CAGCTGAGGATGAAGAATGGAAGAGAT

IN5(R): CCCGCCTCAGATTTCTCACCAAC.[11]

Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP)

Genotyping of the CYP3A4*4 alleles was performed by polymerase chain reaction and they were analyzed with methods of sequencing and RFLP. For each PCR reaction, a 25 μL volume of solution was prepared in the PCR tube. The solution for the PCR reaction included 1 μL of each primer, 2.5 μL buffers 10X, 0.8 μL mgcl2, 0.5 μLdNTP, 1 μL of DNA, 0.3 μLTaq and 17.9 μL of ultra-pure water. The conditions for amplifications were as follows: an initial denaturing step of 94°C for 4 min, followed by 32 cycles of 94°C for 50 s, 61.3 for 50 s, 72°C for 50 s, and a final elongation step of 72°C for 10 min. In the next stage, the PCR product was sequenced and compared with the Gen Bank database (no. AF209389). Finally, the products were resolved in 12.5% gel to ensure amplification of the specific products. The resulting 249-base pair product was assessed by PCR and RFL Panalysis using BsmA I that its cleavage site sequence is

5'… G T C T C (N)1↓…3'

3'… C A G A G (N)5↑…5'

Next, these productions run on a12.5% polyacylamid gel. The fragments produced for each of the two CYP3A4 alleles are as follows:

The wild allele (A13989): 118Ile = 141 bp + 94 bp + 14 bp

The mutant allele (G13989): 118Val = 94 bp+ 47 bp + 14 bp


  Result Top


Allele and genotype frequency distribution of the Ile118Val (A>G) variant was analyzed in blood samples of 300 unrelated healthy volunteers from Iranian population. Only the wild type homozygous was observed in all the subjects [Figure 1]. This result is not a surprising observation because this mutation is rare.
Figure 1: RFLP results for wild-typeCYP3A4 after digestion with BsmA I

Click here to view



  Discussion Top


The CYP3A4 has important role in many drugs metabolism like domperidone, antidepressantsand antipsychotic.[21],[22],[23] Therefore, the information about genotypes variation of CYP3A4 and their protein function is very essential in pharmacology. Until recently, many studies have done about distribution and pharmacology of CYP3A4 variations. In addition, CYP3A4*4 is one of variants CYP3A4 that this variant causes a decrease in the level of enzyme activity.[24],[25] For example, CYP3A4*4 carriers have shown a higher decline of the cholesterol and triglycerids levels with consuming simvastatin than non-carrier.[24] The frequency of CYP3A4*4 was low in the majority of populations that elevated its frequency [Table 1].[3],[11],[24],[26],[27] Also, it has been studied to have association with some diseases that according to these, no information are about the association of CYP3A4*4 with these diseases.[24],[28],[29]
Table 1: Frequency of CYP3A4*4 in Iranian and several other populations

Click here to view


In this study, we determined the frequencies of CYP3A4*4 (Ile118Val) in the individuals and we did not found this allele among them. Therefore, our result shows similar significance between our population and the frequencies of other populations like Malaysian, Indian, Taiwanese, Tepehuan Amerindians and Mestizo Mexicans [Table 1].[3],[24],[26],[27] Also, these results indicate which the allelic frequency of CYP3A4*4 is rare in these populations. Although, CYP3A4*4 in the most of studies is rare, this variation has higher frequency in Han Chinese.[30]


  Conclusion Top


In conclusion, we did not detect CYP3A4*4 in these subjects of Iranian. Following this result, consumption of drugs whose metabolism is done by CYP3A4, for Iranian is not harmful. Studies of frequency of CYP3A4 polymorphisms in healthy individuals from each ethnicity could help to have a valuable guideline for consumption of these drugs.


  Acknowledgments Top


This work was supported by a grant from Genetics part of Taban clinic. The authors gratefully acknowledge the patients who consented to be involved in the study. In addition, the personnel of Genetics part of Taban clinic for their enthusiastic cooperation in this research.



 
  References Top

1.
Klotz, U., The role of pharmacogenetics in the metabolism of antiepileptic drugs: pharmacokinetic and therapeutic implications. Clin Pharmacokinet, 2007; 46(4): 271–9.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Dandara, C., et al., Genetic polymorphism of CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 in east- and southern African populations including psychiatric patients. Eur J Clin Pharmacol, 2001; 57(1):11–7.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Ruzilawati, A.B., A.W. Suhaimi, and S.H. Gan, Genetic polymorphisms of CYP3A4: CYP3A4*18 allele is found in five healthy Malaysian subjects. Clin Chim Acta, 2007;383(1-2):158–62.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Pandey, A.V. and P. Sproll, Pharmacogenomics of human P450 oxidoreductase. Front Pharmacol, 2014; 5:103.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Hashimoto, H., et al., Gene structure of CYP3A4, an adult-specific form of cytochrome P450 in human livers, and its transcriptional control. Eur J Biochem, 1993.;218(2):585–95.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Ghosh, C., et al., Cellular localization and functional significance of CYP3A4 in the human epileptic brain. Epilepsia, 2011;52(3):562–71.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Keshava, C., E.C. McCanlies, and A. Weston, CYP3A4 polymorphisms--potential risk factors for breast and prostate cancer: a HuGE review. Am J Epidemiol, 2004; 160(9):825–41.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Gervasini, G., et al., Genetic variability in CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 in primary liver, gastric and colorectal cancer patients. BMC Cancer, 2007;7:118.  Back to cited text no. 8
    
9.
Murray, M., Role of CYP pharmacogenetics and drug-drug interactions in the efficacy and safety of atypical and other antipsychotic agents. J Pharm Pharmacol, 2006; 58(7):871–85.  Back to cited text no. 9
    
10.
Rendic, S., E. Nolteernsting, and W. Schanzer, Metabolism of anabolic steroids by recombinant human cytochrome P450 enzymes. Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric determination of metabolites. J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl, 1999; 735(1):73–83.  Back to cited text no. 10
    
11.
Hsieh, K.P., et al., Novel mutations of CYP3A4 in Chinese. Drug Metab Dispos, 2001;29(3):268–73.  Back to cited text no. 11
    
12.
Redlich, G., et al., Distinction between human cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoforms and identification of new phosphorylation sites by mass spectrometry. J Proteome Res, 2008; 7(11):4678–88.  Back to cited text no. 12
    
13.
Inoue, K., et al., Assignment of the human cytochrome P-450 nifedipine oxidase gene (CYP3A4) to chromosome 7 at band q22.1 by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Jpn J Hum Genet, 1992;37(2):133–8.  Back to cited text no. 13
    
14.
Lamba, J.K., et al., Genetic contribution to variable human CYP3A- mediated metabolism. Adv Drug Deliv Rev, 2002;54(10):1271–94.  Back to cited text no. 14
    
15.
Schmidt, R., et al., Gender difference in ifosfamide metabolism by human liver microsomes. Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet, 2001; 26(3):193–200.  Back to cited text no. 15
    
16.
Wolbold, R., et al., Sex is a major determinant of CYP3A4 expression in human liver. Hepatology, 2003; 38(4):978–88.  Back to cited text no. 16
    
17.
Waxman, D.J. and M.G. Holloway, Sex differences in the expression of hepatic drug metabolizing enzymes. Mol Pharmacol, 2009;76(2):215–28.  Back to cited text no. 17
    
18.
Nakamura, H., et al., Effects of endogenous steroids on CYP3A4- mediated drug metabolism by human liver microsomes. Drug Metab Dispos, 2002; 30(5):534–40.  Back to cited text no. 18
    
19.
Lynch, T. and A. Price, The effect of cytochrome P450 metabolism on drug response, interactions, and adverse effects. Am Fam Physician, 2007; 76(3):391–6.  Back to cited text no. 19
    
20.
Daly, A.K., Significance of the minor cytochrome P450 3A isoforms. Clin Pharmacokinet, 2006; 45(1):13–31.  Back to cited text no. 20
    
21.
Michaud, V., C. Simard, and J. Turgeon, Characterization of CYP3A isozymes involved in the metabolism of domperidone: role of cytochrome b5 and inhibition by ketoconazole. Drug Metab Lett, 2010; 4(2): 95–103.  Back to cited text no. 21
    
22.
Huang, X., et al., Searching the cytochrome p450 enzymes for the metabolism of meranzin hydrate: a prospective antidepressant originating from chaihu-shugan-san. PLoS One, 2014;9(11):113819.  Back to cited text no. 22
    
23.
Fursa, O.O. and V.L. Kozlovskii, [Pharmacogenetic aspects of the activity of cytochromes P450 in the metabolism of antipsychotics]. Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova, 2014; 114(4):111–22.  Back to cited text no. 23
    
24.
Wang, A., et al., Ile118Val genetic polymorphism of CYP3A4 and its effects on lipid-lowering efficacy of simvastatin in Chinese hyperlipidemic patients. Eur J Clin Pharmacol, 2005; 60(12): 843–8.  Back to cited text no. 24
    
25.
Pratt-Hyatt, M., et al., Effects of a commonly occurring genetic polymorphism of human CYP3A4 (I118V) on the metabolism of anandamide. Drug Metab Dispos, 2010; 38(11): 2075–82.  Back to cited text no. 25
    
26.
Reyes-Hernandez, O.D., et al., A comparative study of CYP3A4 polymorphisms in Mexican Amerindian and Mestizo populations. Pharmacology, 2008; 81(2): 97–103.  Back to cited text no. 26
    
27.
Rais, N., Y.K. Chawla, and K.K. Kohli, CYP3A phenotypes and genotypes in North Indians. Eur J Clin Pharmacol, 2006; 62(6): 417–22.  Back to cited text no. 27
    
28.
Xin, X., et al., Association study of four activity SNPs of CYP3A4 with the precocious puberty in Chinese girls. Neurosci Lett, 2005; 381(3):284–8.  Back to cited text no. 28
    
29.
Tan, P.C., et al., Cytochrome P450 3A4 genetic polymorphisms and post-operative fentanyl requirements. J Clin Pharm Ther, 2012; 37(1):100–4.  Back to cited text no. 29
    
30.
Andreasen, A.H., K. Brosen, and P. Damkier, A comparative pharmacokinetic study in healthy volunteers of the effect of carbamazepine and oxcarbazepine on cyp3a4. Epilepsia, 2007; 48(3):490–6.  Back to cited text no. 30
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1]
 
 
    Tables

  [Table 1]



 

Top
 
  Search
 
    Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
    Access Statistics
    Email Alert *
    Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  

  Materials and Me...
  In this article
Abstract
Introduction
Result
Discussion
Conclusion
Acknowledgments
References
Article Figures
Article Tables

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed593    
    Printed38    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded50    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal